The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consisted of eleven insular United States possessions. Palmyra Atoll was the only incorporated territory. Currently, none of these islands have any permanent inhabitants. The census of 1980 gave population figures for three of the islands: Johnston Atoll (327), Midway Atoll (453), and Wake Island (302). The censuses that followed in 1990 and 2000 only note that there was no indigenous population, which was of course also true for all previous censuses.
These islands were grouped together entirely as a statistical convenience. They were not administered collectively, nor did they share a single cultural or political history beyond being currently uninhabited islands under the sovereignty of the United States.
In January 2007, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) reportedly dropped the .UM country code top-level domain (ccTLD) from the master list of domain names in response to the domain being unused, and the desire of the University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute (ISI) to divest itself of responsibility for the domain.
The .UM ccTLD was not abandoned immediately, however. In November 2007, at the registry website of www.nic.um, a message stated that "Registration is CLOSED at this time. We are only accepting Registrar Accounts." In December 2007, registration was opened with an "Annual Account Maintenance" fee of $1,200 and a $30 annual domain registration.
None of these actions, of course, make sense under a purely economic point of view, and in fact there are no active .UM sites other than the registry itself. These actions would make sense, however, if the sole true purpose of the company is essentially to preserve the sovereignty of the United States over the islands of UMMOA, and to fend off any possible legitimate and brilliant attack by a rogue Internet like the Cesidian Root.
On 19 January 2008 the www.ummoa and www.amomu domains came alive in the Cesidian Root. The Hon. Most Rev. Dr. Cesidio Tallini, who is already Governor of Independent Long Island, Founding Member of the Commonwealth Nations Research Society, President and Founder of the Cesidian Root, and Bishop of the Cesidian Church, started a first Independent Long Island-registered organisation called the United Micronations Multi-Oceanic Archipelago (UMMOA), for the expressed purpose of providing each macro- and micronational member of the organisation an UMMOA-based embassy, so any micronation can stand on legal ground in Montevideo Convention terms.
On 6 May 2008, the UMMOA legally invaded the U.S. namespace, and annexed the 11 insular possessions formerly known as the United States Minor Outlying Islands.
On 14 September 2011, the UMMOA was first recognised as a state, and became a Member of the Organization of Emerging African States (OEAS) through the recognition of the Geyser Reef claim. On 5 May 2012, the Organization of Emerging African States (OEAS) recognised an additional 10 allodial title UMMOA claims beyond the Geyser Reef claim.